When was Jesus Christ Actually Born? September 29, 2 B.C.

September 29, 2 B.C. is without a doubt, the correct date of Jesus Christ’s date of Birth, confirmed by all of the information below, some new, that I have pulled together, particularly from the books of Luke, Daniel, and Revelation as well as the free Stellarium Astronomy software among several other historical sources.  To get started, Jewish tradition implies that Jesus started his 3.5-year Ministry on his 30th birthday based on Levitical Rabbinical tradition (Numbers 4:3).  Jesus was 33.5 years old at Crucifixion by many traditional accounts.  The calculated crucifixion date from the previous blog post related to Daniel’s 70-Weeks Prophecy (Daniel 9:24-27) with historical and astronomical information regarding various constraints, confirms the time frame.  I declare that this is the most compelling case on the Internet for the Birth of Christ date because of the 2 new ways I have found to verify it.  Comment below if you disagree by the end of this blog post.  Read on!

Here are the Top 10 Reasons Why Jesus’ Birthday was September 29, 2 B.C.

  1. Derived from His 33 A.D. Crucifixion and Palm Sunday Dates, as  calculated from the 70-Weeks Prophecy.
  2. Aligned with the 2 B.C. Feast of Trumpets – Jewish New Year’s Day.
  3. NEW! Confirmed by Revelation 12:1 and Stellarium Software.
  4. Verified by Saint Irenaeus, 2nd Century Church Theologian & by Eusebius, 4th Century Church Bishop, Scholar, & Historian.
  5. Verified by Tiberius Caesar’s’ Reign.
  6. Verified by Josephus, 1st Century Jewish Rabbi, Scholar, & Historian.
  7. Verified by Sir Isaac Newton, 17th Century Scientist, Scholar, & Historian.
  8. Perfectly Aligned with the 3 B.C. Winter Solstice & Summer Solstice – John the Baptist.
  9. NEW! Perfectly Aligned with Mary’s Birth Date, as calculated from the 70-Weeks Prophecy.
  10. Jesus’ Birth and Death Dates Align with a New Moon and an Eclipsed Full Moon.


Daniel 9:27 “And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering;”

April 3, 33 AD – Crucifixion of Christ

The crucifixion occurred during the 70th Week or the literal Holy Week from Daniel’s 70 Weeks Prophecy.

33 AD Calendar

  • Sunday, March 29, 33 AD – Palm Sunday.
  • Thursday, April 2, 33 AD – Last Supper Passover Feast begins after sundown.
  • Friday, April 3, 33 AD – Passover with Lunar Eclipse – Red Moon best viewed from Israel.
  • Saturday, April 4, 33 AD – Sabbath, a day set aside from Week of Creation for this event.
  • Sunday, April 5, 33 AD – Resurrection Day!!!

April 3 33 AD

Jesus was Baptized by John the Baptist

Jesus was baptized on his 30th Birthday by John the Baptist, according to Levitical Rabbinical Tradition, which is considered the official start to His Ministry.  One could consider either Palm Sunday or the Crucifixion as the end of Jesus’ 3.5-year Ministry.

  • March 29, 33 AD (Palm Sunday) – 3.5 years = September 29, 29 AD
  • April 3, 33 AD (Crucifixion) – 3.5 years = October 3, 29 AD

Subtract 30 years from either of these 2 dates and Jesus was born on either September 29, 2 BC or October 3, 2 BC.

30 AD or 34 AD Crucifixion Dates Do Not Meet Scriptural Requirements

Contrary to popular belief and centuries of dogma, Jesus could not have been born in 5 BC or 1 BC.  Reason being, Christ could not have been crucified in 30 AD or 34 AD because;
  1. Passover was not on a Friday either year (both years were on a Wednesday)
  2. There were no lunar eclipses in April of 30 AD or 34 AD when Passover would have occurred those 2 years according to the NASA Catalog of Lunar Eclipses from 1 AD to 100 AD.

In 32 AD, there was a lunar eclipse on Passover, Monday, April 14th; however, it was not viewable whatsoever from Europe/Middle East/Africa and didn’t occur on a Friday.  The only date that meets all of the Biblical requirements is April 3, 33 AD, which was on a Friday and coincided with a lunar eclipse that was viewable during moonrise in Jerusalem on Passover that year.  A 33 AD Crucifixion year, places the birth of Christ in 2 BC, which agrees with several scholars such as Josephus, Irenaeus, Eusebius, and Sir Isaac Newton among others.

This confirms that Jesus Christ’s 3.5 year Ministry ended on Palm Sunday, which perfectly back dates to Jesus Christ’s Birthdate.


September 29, 2 BC, ROSH HASHANAH – The Birth of Jesus Christ

In the Fall of 2 BC, The Feast of Trumpets, Rosh Hashanah, was celebrated on September 29th.  Yom Kippur was coming up on October 8th.  September 29th is the likely candidate for the Birth of Christ, as it fell on Rosh Hashanah, which was also Tishri 1, the 2nd observed “New Years” by Hebrews each year with the New Moon.  This festival to celebrate their harvest would explain very well why in Luke 2:7 there was no room in the inn for Joseph and Mary that night, likely the night before on September 28, 2 BC.  Remember that nightfall September 28 to nightfall September 29 is Tishri 1.

Luke 2:7 “7 And she brought forth her firstborn son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger; because there was no room for them in the inn.”

September 2 BC Calendar

Feast of Trumpets (Rosh Hashanah) Tishri 1, 3760 September 29, 2 B.C.

2 BC Festivals

The Molad of Tishri in 3760 (shown above) was the astronomical start of the New Moon, marking the beginning of the new month and new year on the Jewish calendar.

Luke 2:8-12 says, And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night. An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. 10 But the angel said to them, “Do not be afraid. I bring you good news that will cause great joy for all the people. 11 Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord. 12 This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.”

The Star of Bethlehem and the Magi 3 BC – 2 BC

On September 15th, 3 BC (Stellarium.org), Jupiter came into conjunction with Regulus, the star of kingship, the brightest star in the constellation Leo the Lion. Leo was the constellation of kings, and it was associated with the Lion of Judah. Just a month earlier, August 12, 3 BC (Stellarium.org) Jupiter and Venus had almost seemed to touch each other in another close conjunction, also in Leo.

Then the conjunction between Jupiter and Regulus was repeated on February 15th and May 10th of 2 BC (Stellarium.org). These celestial events would have certainly raised the curiosity of the magi or wise men from far away.

In the temple of Augustus at Ankara, an inscription was found referring to a census in the year 8 BC. The relationship of this “tax call” with the enrollment of Joseph and Mary is an unfounded conjecture since it would apply only to Roman citizens. And even more conjectural is to imagine that Mary would have had to travel so far, because the taxes would apply only to Joseph. On the other hand, historians have identified a combination of census and oath of allegiance that would have effectively involved Mary and Joseph, done between the years 3 and 2 BC, as the result of an imperial decree related to the bestowal of the title “Pater Patriae” to Augustus by the Senate on the 5th of February of the year 2 BC.  Josephus recorded that nearly 6000 Pharisees refused to take the oath, approximately one year before Herod died.

June 17, 2 BC (Stellarium.org), Jupiter and Venus, the two brightest objects in the night sky except for the moon, came so close that their disks appeared to touch.  This exceptionally rare event could not have been missed by observers such as the Wise Men. This could have been the event that confirmed the previous series of celestial events and triggered the upcoming journey to Jerusalem.  According to Stellarium, Jupiter would not have been visible at night much longer after the end of June until it was viewable once again in August, 2 months later, at nightfall after passing behind the sun.  With an estimated trip of 750 miles between Babylon and Jerusalem, the time it would have taken to travel could be estimated at 2-3 months depending on the route around the desert, weather delays, rest periods, etc.  I estimate that the Wise Men would have spent part of the Summer preparing for the journey and started sometime in October or early November for an arrival at the end of December, 2 BC.

The ‘Star of Bethlehem’ doesn’t help us date the birth of Christ to a specific date but was intended for a very visual sign of the times, which I personally believe was a combination of a once in an eternity, hyper supernova (like Kepler’s supernova of 1604 AD) that also had some sort of amazing conjunction with Jupiter (viewable to the West, months earlier near Babylon, moving West to East in the night sky) to bring the 3 wise men to Judah, in addition to the retrograde “hang” of Jupiter (viewable to the South from Jerusalem) along Virgo’s arm over Bethlehem on December 25, 2 BC when they would have been looking for it from Jerusalem after meeting with Herod.

The Bible does not mention how many Wise Men (likely Jewish Descendants from the old Babylon Magi School started by Daniel) there were or where they came from. (The tradition of three Wise Men developed from the Bible’s description of three gifts — gold, frankincense, and myrrh.)  They were in Jerusalem before dawn on Dec. 25, 2 BC, when Jupiter (the King Planet) stopped moving (retrograde motion) almost directly over Bethlehem to the south on the edge of Virgo (stellarium.org) just after 5am before sunrise, as shown in the figure below.  They could have traveled the five miles to Bethlehem and presented their gifts that day but they had to travel carefully since Herod’s spies were watching which direction they left Jerusalem.  By then Jesus would have been a young child living with his parents in a house, not a baby in a manger, according to Matthew 2:11-12, ‘’11 On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. 12 And having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country by another route.”  There is a reference not to an infant (brephos in the Greek) but to a toddler (paidion), indicating that the birth itself had been some months before.

Dec 25 2 BC

Stellarium screenshot of Southern Sky towards Bethlehem from Jerusalem on December 25, 2 BC where Jupiter stops moving in retrograde motion.

Jupiter Retro

Stellarium screenshot showing a closeup of Jupiter Retrograde Motion (when a faster-moving Earth passes a slower-moving Jupiter) on December 25, 2 BC.  Jupiter’s retrograde cycle occurs every 13 months and lasts about 4 months.

Jan 6, 1 BC – Magi find Jesus who is ~ 3 months old.  

Christian Holiday Epiphany (12 Days of [after] Christmas).  The Magi find 3-month-old Jesus in Bethlehem.

Jesus was born at night on Tishri 1, 3760 and the shepherds that the angels appeared to were about a mile away from baby Jesus in Beit Sahour to the southeast.  Talk about an amazing Feast of Trumpets with live angelic trumpets and singing from Heaven!  


NEW! Stellarium Astronomy Software confirms Revelation 12:1 as the Birth Date of Christ – September 29, 2 B.C.

Using the computer model, no other possible birth years, before or after this date or adjacent dates put these 3 referenced celestial bodies described in Revelation 12:1 anywhere near these same 3 well-placed locations with Virgo, including October 3, 2 BC.

Revelation 12:1 A great sign appeared in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun, with the moon under her feet and a crown of twelve stars on her head. She was pregnant and cried out in pain as she was about to give birth.”

Sept 29 2 BC

Stellarium screenshot of Virgo from Jerusalem on September 29, 2 BC, 7:45 am of Revelation 12:1.

Revelation 12:1 and the Stellarium’s computer representation of the stars and planets around Virgo (based on Kepler’s Laws of Planetary Motion) on September 29th, 2 BC just after 12:00 am local time shows the moon moving into position under the feet of the constellation Virgo but not yet above the horizon in Jerusalem.  According to the Gospels, specifically Luke, Jesus was born at night.  At approximately 7:45 am, the assemblage of all Biblical referenced celestial bodies and Virgo would have been above the horizon in Jerusalem; however, Jupiter and Virgo would not have been visible anyway to the naked eye with the sun shining so close to them during the daytime.

In the graphic above, you can see that the sun is directly next to, almost touching, the base of Virgo’s clothes with the Moon on the same lateral plane as the base of her feet and Jupiter (i.e. ‘crown of twelve stars’ [12 symbolizes God’s rule, authority, and power], the king planet of 12 significant objects that orbit the sun, i.e. eight planets plus the four dwarf planets; Pluto, Haumea, Makemake, and Eris) is lateral to the crown of  Virgo’s head, all in their intended places on the right date.

Since this Bible reference was written by John well after Jesus was on Earth, the celestial event was not visible because of the shining sun in such close proximity to Jupiter and Virgo nor known to those on Earth at that time in Jerusalem from future Scripture unwritten yet, it clearly must have been intended for those of us in the future who could calculate the orbits in reverse direction with software to these dates and location to determine the birth date in the past for a future purpose closer to the End Times.  That being said, to me, Christ’s Birthdate confirms Daniel’s 70-Week’s Prophecy dating methodology (and vice-versa), which in turn confirms the calculations and types of historical and astronomical intersections also found in the decoding of Daniel’s 2300 Evenings and Mornings Prophecy.

In the verse before Revelation 12:1, respectively Revelation 1:19, the Lord says to John, ” 19 Now write down all you have seen [past]—all that is [present] and all that will be [future].”  Revelation 12:1 is clearly referencing a major event in the past from the time this was written by John on the island of Patmos.


2nd Century Saint Irenaeus and 4th Century Eusebius writes of Jesus Birth

Irenaeus, born about a century after Jesus, notes that Jesus was born in the 41st year of the reign of Augustus. Since Augustus began his reign in the autumn of 43 BC, this appears to substantiate the birth of Jesus as the autumn of 2 BC.

Eusebius (264-340 AD), the “Father of Church History,” ascribes it to the 42nd year of the reign of Augustus and the 28th from the subjection of Egypt on the death of Anthony and Cleopatra. The 42nd year of Augustus ran from the autumn of 2 BC to the autumn of 1 BC. The subjugation of Egypt into the Roman Empire occurred in the autumn of 30 BC. The 28th year extended from the autumn of 3 BC to the autumn of 2 BC. The only date that would meet both of these constraints would be the autumn of 2 BC.


Counting the Ordinal Years of the Reign of Tiberius Caesar

Many scholars, including Sir Isaac Newton, narrowed several possible crucifixion dates down to two; the most common one of all is April 3, 33 A.D.  It is the only Newtonian crucifixion date of his two finalists that occurred during a lunar eclipse (confirmed by NASA’s lunar eclipse charts but ironically not by Newton) and where Passover was the day before the Sabbath, both described in Scripture (i.e., Acts 2:14) on the Day of Pentecost – I dated May 23, 33 A.D.

According to Newton, Early Church scholar, Eusebius, discovered four successive Passovers in the Gospel of John and set forth an opinion that Jesus preached for three and a half years and so died in the 19th year of Tiberius.  Tiberius reigned from August 8, 14 A.D. to March 16, 37 A.D. or 22 years and 7 months.  Luke 3:1-3 says, “In the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius Caesar…the word of God came to John son of Zechariah in the wilderness. He went into all the country around the Jordan, preaching a baptism of repentance for the forgiveness of sins.”  The 15thyear of Tiberius lasted from Aug 8, 28 A.D. to Aug 7, 29 A.D.  Jesus would have been baptized on his 30th birthday on September 29, 29 A.D., which would have occurred during the 16th year of the reign of Tiberius.  Add three and a half years (i.e. 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th or 4 years counted ordinally) to reach Palm Sunday, March 29, 33 A.D., and Christ would have been Crucified on April 3, 33 A.D., which occurred during the 19thyear of Tiberius Caesar.  The 19th year lasted from August 8, 32 A.D.to August 7, 33 A.D., therefore, April 3, 33 A.D. falls within this year, perfectly.  A 33 A.D. Crucifixion year means that Jesus was born in 2 B.C.

Aug 8, 14 A.D.  Aug 7, 15 A.D.  1st year
Aug 8, 15 A.D.  Aug 7, 16 A.D.  2nd year
Aug 8, 16 A.D.  Aug 7, 17 A.D.  3rd year
Aug 8, 17 A.D.  Aug 7, 18 A.D.  4th year
Aug 8, 18 A.D.  Aug 7, 19 A.D.  5th year
Aug 8, 19 A.D.  Aug 7, 20 A.D.  6th year
Aug 8, 20 A.D.  Aug 7, 21 A.D.  7th year
Aug 8, 21 A.D.  Aug 7, 22 A.D.  8th year
Aug 8, 22 A.D.  Aug 7, 23 A.D.  9th year
Aug 8, 23 A.D.  Aug 7, 24 A.D.  10th year
Aug 8, 24 A.D.  Aug 7, 25 A.D.  11th year
Aug 8, 25 A.D.  Aug 7, 26 A.D.  12th year
Aug 8, 26 A.D.  Aug 7, 27 A.D.  13th year
Aug 8, 27 A.D.  Aug 7, 28 A.D.  14th year
Aug 8, 28 A.D.  Aug 7, 29 A.D.  15th year
Aug 8, 29 A.D.  Aug 7, 30 A.D.  16th year
Aug 8, 30 A.D.  Aug 7, 31 A.D.  17th year
Aug 8, 31 A.D.  Aug 7, 32 A.D.  18th year
Aug 8, 32 A.D.  Aug 7, 33 A.D.  19th year


Josephus & Approximate Death of Herod with Known Errors – 1 BC or 1 AD?

One could argue that Jesus’ Birth Date is just as much in dispute as Herod’s death date.  Thanks in part to a proposal by the 19th-century German scholar Emil Schurer, a funny notion emerged that Herod’s death should govern when Jesus was born, but the logic actually works both ways.  If we know when Jesus was born, we will also know when Herod died by consequence. There is significantly more information known today about the constraints of when Jesus was born and died vs. when Herod died, tied to only one reference by Josephus.  Even Josephus could not have benefitted from the advantages of historical perspective, the additional knowledge that followed him and the continued collective efforts of Civilization to think about and unravel this mystery fully.  A confluence of events for both parties can be analyzed in more depth to unravel the mystery given the historical and astronomical perspective that we now enjoy in the 21stcentury.

Herod suffered a grave political demotion in 4 BC, as the result of a misunderstanding over raiders he sent to Arabia to suppress robbers hiding there. Augustus condemned Herod, removed his title “Caesar’s Friend” (amic Caesaris), and relegated him to the lower position of “subject”. This loss of status was a serious matter. Its ramifications eventually included Herod’s execution of his own son Antipater, and others, in a show of loyalty to Augustus.

The conjunctions of Venus and Jupiter in 3 and 2 BC around the fixed star Regulus were impressive and unique celestial phenomena. Since the ephemeris of Brian Tuckerman was published in the mid-’60s, allowing experts at that time to know this fact, Jupiter/Venus has been the preferred alternative for the star of Bethlehem in the mind of many astronomers and historians. This also suggests that related incarnation events were still in motion past the 4 BC date for Herod’s death.

Josephus (1st century Jewish Historian) mentions that Herod died in the interval between a lunar eclipse and the following Passover.  For centuries this has been thought to be the eclipse of March 13, 4 BC  or the eclipse of March 23, 5 BC and the evidence of astronomy has been decisive to establish the dogma that Herod died during one of those 2 years.  The eclipse of December 29, 1 BC fits this criterion much better (more alike with the Crucifixion lunar eclipse of April 3, 33 AD).  Take a look at all 4 eclipses side-by-side in separate tabs to see which one looks the most like the Crucifixion lunar eclipse.  The full moon was nearly half eclipsed when it could first be seen rising in the east above the distant mountains about twenty minutes after sunset.  A partial eclipse is more easily seen at moonrise than a total because totality delays first visibility (the entire moon is in the “invisible” portion) and the shape of the missing portion would have made it obvious that it was an eclipse, especially to the Judeans who used the moon to indicate the day of the month and who expected a full moon.  

Of the candidates to be Herod’s eclipse, the December 29, 1 BC eclipse was the most likely to have been widely observed.  If December 29, 1 BC is correct, then Herod died in early 1 AD before Passover, which would have been April 25, 1 AD, rather than early 1 BC.  With the September 29, 2 BC Birthdate, Jesus would have been between 15 and 18 months old when Herod died.  This confirms that 5 B.C. could not be the year Jesus was born.


Sir Isaac Newton, Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John (1733), Chapter XI, Of the times of the birth and passion of Christ.

While Newton mistakenly concludes that the Crucifixion alternatively took place in 34 A.D. due to the timing of Sabbatical years and a Springtime corn harvest a few Passovers before the Crucifixion, he was the first person to accurately calculate that April 3, 33 A.D. was the other possible Crucifixion date.  Most modern Bible scholars today have narrowed down to 2 potential Crucifixion dates, Wednesday, April 5 (or 7), 30 A.D. (which doesn’t fall on the right day of the week) and Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.  In 1983, Humphrey and Waddington, 2 Oxford professors, were the first to assert the theory that the lunar eclipse in Acts 2:20 and the Crucifixion occurred on the same day, Good Friday, April 3, 33 A.D.

“THE times of the Birth and Passion of Christ, with such niceties, being not material to religion were little regarded by the Christians of the first age. They who began first to celebrate them, placed them in the cardinal periods of the year; as the Annunciation of the Virgin Mary, on the 25th of March, which when Julius Caesar corrected the Calendar was the Vernal Equinox; the feast of John Baptist on the 24th of June, which was the Summer Solstice; the feast of St. Michael on Sept. 29, which was the Autumnal Equinox, and the birth of Christ on the Winter Solstice, December 25, with the feasts of St. Stephen, St. John and the Innocents, as near it as they could place them. And because the Solstice in time removed from the 25th of December to the 24th, the 23d, the 22d, and so on backward, hence some in the following centuries placed the birth of Christ on December 23, and at length on December 20.” – Newton

I find this Newtonian passage interesting as it correlates with dates for the same people that I have been calculating birth and conception dates for in my various blog posts.  For instance, Mary was born on December 11, 17 BC and was likely conceived on or about the Vernal Equinox but possibly as far back as March 5, 17 BC.  John the Baptist was definitely conceived on the Summer Solstice, June 25, 3 BC because the Immaculate Conception occurred on the Winter Solstice, December 23, 3 BC (i.e. six months apart as the Scripture says in Luke 1:26-27 & 39-41) and Jesus was born on the Feast of Trumpets, September 29, 2 BC.  Newton’s 33 A.D. Crucifixion date also confirms that Jesus was born in 2 B.C. 

While I worked completely independent of Newton’s mentioned dates, they are amazingly similar, even with the small differences noted (birth vs. conception events on a date).  However with absolute certainty, I stand on the shoulders of the “giant” Sir Isaac Newton on a broader scale in my eschatological and biblical reckoning enterprises, pragmatically and inspirationally speaking.


December 23, 3 BC, WINTER SOLSTICE – Immaculate Conception of Jesus Christ

It is also remarkable that the amount of time between the Winter Solstice of 3 BC and the Birth of Christ on September 29, 2 BC, is exactly 40 weeks apart, which is the average gestation period for a human being.  The number 40 is biblically symbolic, meaning trials, testing, and tribulation.  Jesus certainly experienced all three during his life on Earth, fulfilling hundreds of prophecies to save us all from eternal tribulation.  The date calculator below confirms the span of time between the two of the three most prolific dates in Christianity, unknown explicitly to virtually everyone to date.  This further suggests the planned perfection of the advent of Christ.

40 Weeks

Sept 29, 2 BC – 9 months, 6 days or 40 weeks, 0 days = Dec 23, 3 BC – Winter Solstice

Winter Solstice Tebet 16, 3759, 17 hours, 706 parts December 23, 3 B.C., 11:39 a.m.

3 BC Winter Solstice

June 25, 3 BC, SUMMER SOLSTICE – Conception of John the Baptist

June 25, 3 BC – Summer Solstice

Summer Solstice Tammuz 12, 3758, 14 hours, 303 parts June 25, 3 B.C., 8:16 a.m.

John 3:27-30 “27 To this John replied, ‘A person can receive only what is given them from heaven.’ 28 You yourselves can testify that I said, ‘I am not the Messiah but am sent ahead of him.’ 29 The bride belongs to the bridegroom. The friend who attends the bridegroom waits and listens for him, and is full of joy when he hears the bridegroom’s voice. That joy is mine, and it is now complete. 30 He must become greater; I must become less.”

Much like an earthly day where the sunlight increases or becomes greater during the morning and sunlight decreases or becomes less during the evening, God’s Prophetic “evenings and mornings” day works in the same manner as a solar year with the Winter Solstice to Summer Solstice as the morning and the Summer Solstice to Winter Solstice as the evening described in Daniel’s 2300 day prophecy in Daniel 8:14, “He said to me, “It will take 2,300 evenings and mornings; then the sanctuary will be reconsecrated.” Notice how in the verse that “evenings” comes before “mornings” rather than the reverse order as an earthly day. This is just like a Jewish day which begins at sundown so evening comes first.  Evening, Summer Solstice = John the Baptist; Morning, Winter Solstice = Jesus Christ.  John came before Jesus.  Also, John said, “He must become greater; I must become less.”

Luke 1:26-27 & 39-41 “26 In the sixth month of Elizabeth’s pregnancy, God sent the angel Gabriel to Nazareth, a town in Galilee, 27 to a virgin pledged to be married to a man named Joseph, a descendant of David. 39 At that time Mary got ready and hurried to a town in the hill country of Judea, 40 where she entered Zechariah’s home and greeted Elizabeth. 41 When Elizabeth heard Mary’s greeting, the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit.” [This happened after sunrise on the morning of the Winter Solstice, Dec 23rd, 3 BC.  The Immaculate Conception clearly took place the night before which was still the same Jewish day marked from sundown to sundown.]  This verse in Luke specifically shows the 6-month difference between John the Baptist and Jesus.  The two solstices are 6 months apart which means their conceptions were perfectly opposite in timing relative to the tropical year as well as symbolically speaking, one with sin – man, the other without sin – God, among many others.

March 29, 2 BC or April 1, 2 BC – Birth of John the Baptist 40 weeks 0 days later

The birth of John the Baptist was very likely 40 weeks 0 days later, April 1, 2 BC or was March 29, 2 B.C. Being 6 months before Jesus’ birth.  June 25, 3 BC – April 1, 2 BC.  40 symbolizes trial, testing, and tribulation.  The fact that the previous Winter Solstice in December of 3 B.C. is exactly 40 weeks and 0 days before September 29, 2 B.C. confirms the Birthdate of Jesus Christ as no other year can combine this calculation with the same duration between those 2 dates while intersecting the Winter Solstice and Feast of Trumpets simultaneously.


NEW! Mary, Mother of Jesus’, Birth Date confirms Jesus’ Birth Date

After looking very carefully at when Jesus was born and Immaculately Conceived, let’s see how that aligns with the Birth of Mary’s calculation within the 70-Weeks reckoning.  Since we calculated that the birth of Mary was on December 11, 17 B.C.and we also calculated that the Immaculate Conception was on the Winter Solstice, December 23, 3 B.C., Easysurf’s Year – Month – Day Counterclearly shows that the age of Mary was 14 years and 12 days old at the time of the Immaculate Conception.  It is amazingly consistent with historical accounts of her age and when we expect Jesus to have been Conceived.  Mary was not likely to give birth at 11 years old with a 5 B.C. Birth Year.  Mary could have been 15 years old with a 1 B.C. Birth Year, but none of the aligned astronomical and festival dates in 2 B.C. occurred on the same dates in 1 B.C.  A 2 B.C. Birth Year still meets all of the criteria thus far.

Number of Days - Birth to IC

Fast forward to our calculated date for Jesus’ Birth, September 29, 2 B.C., which is precisely 40 weeks and 0 days after the date of the Immaculate Conception when Mary is 14 years, 9 months, and 18 days old.  It is also amazingly consistent with historical accounts for her age when Jesus would have been born.

Number of Days - IC to Birth

December 11, 17 B.C. at 8:53 am (Birth of Mary, Mother of Jesus – End of 62 Weeks)


14 years, 12 days, 2h, 46m (Age of Mary at Immaculate Conception)


December 23, 3 B.C. at 11:39 am (Winter Solstice, Immaculate Conception)


40 weeks, 0 days (Gestation Period of Jesus)


September 29, 2 B.C. after 12:00 am (Feast of Trumpets – Rosh Hashanah, the Birth of Jesus Christ)

Mary is 14 years, 9 months, 18 days old


33 years, 6 months, 12h, 5m (Age of Jesus Christ on Palm Sunday)


March 29, 33 A.D. at 12:05 pm (Solar Noon – End of 7 weeks, 69th Week on Palm Sunday)

Mary is 48 years, 108 days old


48 years, 108 days, 8h, 59m, 49.63s (7 Prophetic Weeks or 48.2967206 Solar Years)

Number of Days - Birth to Palm Sunday

My new calculations from the 70-Weeks Prophecy fall in line perfectly with the 2 B.C. Birthdate of Christ and the ages of Mary at the Immaculate Conception and Birth of Jesus like no other Birth Year.


Moon Phases of Christ’s Birth and Death are a Perfect Match to Each Jewish Date!

When these date-year pairs, 2 B.C. and 33 A.D., are considered, Jesus was born on a new moon and died on an eclipsed full moon, which no other date-year pair such as 5 B.C and 30 A.D. satisfies each significant moon phase set of festival dates for the same length of Jesus’ life spanning 33.5 years, indeed no other.

Christ’s Birth – New Moon

Phases of the Moon: -0099 to 0000 (0100 to 0001 BC) – Universal Time

Sept 29 2 BC Moon Phase


Christ’s Death – Eclipsed Full Moon

Phases of the Moon: 0001 to 0100 (AD) – Universal Time

Moon Phase April 3 33 AD

Again, the New Moon and Eclipsed Full Moon phases align perfectly with Jesus Christ’s dates of Birth and Death, like no other year combinations other than 2 B.C. and 33 A.D.


So, What is Dec 25, 1 BC?

440 AD – The Church in Rome officially proclaimed December 25th as the birth of Christ to align it with the pagan holiday celebrating the pagan sun god to influence them to Christianity. Up to this time, several dates had been used as Christ’s birth date due to persecution. Easter was the primary Christian holiday for centuries and not His birth.

525 AD – Dionysius Exiguus, a 6th Century monk, is the inventor of the Anno Domini Era (i.e. AD) Calendar Renumbering centered on presumed Jesus’ conception or birth when updating the Easter Table for the Pope.  Dionysius had different reasons for a new calendar numbering starting point to get rid of previous calendars; To drop any pagan heritage and Diocletian era Christian persecution tainted calendars; To drop Anno Mundi era calendar counting methods which count years from creation that was nearing the feared end-of-world 6000 year millennium based on the 6th day of Creation in Genesis when man was created. Years were calculated with an inaccurate number of days in a year so the AM count wasn’t accurate. (16th-century mathematicians discovered the correct calculation of a tropical year, averaged to be 365.2422 days instead of 365.25 days, which caused a Gregorian calendar correction by the Pope to skip ahead by 11 days in the calendar from Oct 4 to Oct 15, 1582 AD in many European countries that accepted it.)  Dionysius realigned the new yearly count with an assumed end of the religious age marked by calculated conjunction of all planets (visible planets in the sky all appearing in a straight line) in May 2000 AD. This was the assumed NEW end-of-world timeframe when Christ would return by. Wrong again, we are still here!  He assumed the start of the 2000 year religious age with Dec 25, 1 AD using the ‘all planets conjunction’ as the anchor but decided to align instead with Jan 1, 1 AD so the incarnation date changed to Dec 25, 1 BC. Dionysius claimed to have calculated the birth of Christ from the beginning of Rome (i.e. 732 AUC) but offered no evidence on how this was calculated. Therefore, the birth of Christ was presumed to be Dec 25, 1 BC for all using the new calendar.

‘His’torical Timeline Summary

  • March 5, 444 BC – Nehemiah Decree (476 Years 24 Days to Palm Sunday – 69 weeks of the 70 Weeks Prophecy)
  • Dec 11, 17 BC 8:53 am IST = Birth of Mary, mother of Jesus Christ
  • June 25, 3 BC – Summer Solstice – John the Baptist’s Conception (9 months 12 days to birth or 40 weeks and 6 days.)
  • Sept, 3 BC – Jupiter came into conjunction with Regulus in the constellation Leo the Lion.
  • Dec 23, 3 BC – Winter Solstice – Immaculate Conception (9 months 12 days to birth or 40 weeks and 6 days.)
  • Feb, 2 BC – Jupiter came into conjunction with Regulus again.
  • Feb 5, 2 BC – Roman Decree of Census and Oath of Allegiance in birth cities across Roman Empire.
  • Feb 5 – Oct 3, 2 BC – Joseph and Mary traveled to Bethlehem sometime during this timeframe.
  • April 1, 2 BC or March 29, 2 BC – Birth of John the Baptist (34 years before the crucifixion of Christ).
  • May, 2 BC – Jupiter came into conjunction with Regulus again.
  • June 17, 2 BC – Jupiter and Venus came into conjunction, touching, creating a very bright star! Go Magi!
  • September 28, 2 BC – After sundown on Tishri 1 also on the New Moon, Joseph and Mary were turned away as there was no room in the Inn.
  • September 29, 2 BC – Birth of Jesus Christ (33 years 6 months before Palm Sunday)
  • Dec 25, 2 BC – Magi see Jupiter stop or hung over Bethlehem from Jerusalem marking the location of Jesus.
  • Jan 6, 1 BC – Christian Holiday Epiphany (12 Days of [after] Christmas). Magi finds 3-month-old Jesus in Bethlehem.
  • Dec 29, 1 BC – Passover, 1 AD – Timeframe that Herod most likely died.
  • September 29, 29 AD – John the Baptist Baptizes Jesus, Beginning of His Ministry (Jesus’ 30th Birthday).
  • March 29, 33 AD – Palm Sunday (End of Daniel’s 69th Prophetic Week, Beginning of Daniel’s 70th Literal Week).
  • April 2, 33 AD – Last Supper Passover Feast begins after sundown.
  • April 3, 33 AD – 6-hour Crucifixion of Christ during Passover with Lunar Eclipse (Red Moon best viewed from Israel).
  • April 4, 33 AD – The Sabbath, The Holy Day, set aside from Week of Creation by God for this very special event!
  • April 5, 33 AD – Resurrection Day!!! (Easter)
  • May 23, 33 AD – Day of Pentecost, Feast of Weeks or First Fruits, Birthday of Ancient Israel. (50 days after the crucifixion).
  • 440 AD – The Church in Rome officially proclaimed December 25th as the birth of Christ to win pagan converts.
  • 525 AD – Anno Domini Calendar (i.e. BC/AD) invented, incorrectly dates Christ’s birth on Dec 25, 1 BC.
  • 800 AD – The majority of the Western World adopts AD Calendar.
  • Oct 4, 1582 AD – Pope decrees Gregorian Calendar correction and skips 10 days to Oct 15 based on a 365.2422-day tropical year.


Jesus’ Birth Date, John the Baptist’s Birth Date, Jesus’ Immaculate Conception date, and John the Baptist’s Conception Date with commentary – by Chad Horton – Jan 18, 2011.

Daniel’s Seventy Weeks prophecy: A detailed look at Daniel 9:24-27 http://www.aboutbibleprophecy.com/weeks.htm

The Curious History of the Gregorian Calendar http://www.infoplease.com/spot/gregorian1.html

Was Jesus Born on December 25 http://www.allaboutjesuschrist.org/was-jesus-born-on-december-25-faq.htm

Consideration of the Origin of the Yearly Count in the Julian and the Gregorian Calendar http://www.calendersign.com/en/to_adjustment_AD.php

Anno Domini – Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anno_Domini

Isaac Newton, Observations upon the Prophecies of Daniel, and the Apocalypse of St. John (1733) http://www.newtonproject.ox.ac.uk/view/texts/normalized/THEM00205

Yet Another Eclipse for Herod http://www.johnpratt.com/items/docs/herod/herod.html

On the Year of Herod’s Death http://www.expreso.co.cr/centaurs/steiner/herod.html

The Stary Dance http://www.bethlehemstar.net/dance/dance.htm

Star of Bethlehem May Have Been Planets Jupiter, Venus http://newsinfo.iu.edu/OCM/packages/bethstar.html

BibleGateway.com: A Searchable Online Bible in over 100 versions and 50 languages http://www.tccsa.tc/articles/star_dates.html

Summary of Conjunctions of Planets Near Time of Christ’s Birth http://www.biblegateway.com/

Add or Subtract a Number of Weeks and/or Days to a Date Calculator http://www.easysurf.cc/ndate4.htm

Hebrew-Gregorian calendar converter with Solstice Dates and Times http://www.cgsf.org/dbeattie/calendar/?roman=-2

Observations Upon the Prophecies of Daniel/Part 1 Chap XI.” En.wikisource.org, Wikisource, 16 April, 2012,  https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Observations_upon_the_Prophecies_of_Daniel/Part_I_Chap_XI.

Tiberius.” En.wikipedia.org, Wikipedia, 23 August, 2019, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiberius.

Holm, Sverre. “This Year Easter Falls on the Correct Date According to Newton.” Science20.com, Science 2.0, 1 April, 2015,  https://www.science20.com/view_from_the_north/this_year_easter_falls_on_the_correct_date_according_to_newton-154289.

Copyright MeridianProphecy.com 2015 ©

6 thoughts on “When was Jesus Christ Actually Born? September 29, 2 B.C.

  1. I have read your very detailed and specific calculations (on other pages, like the 2300 evenings/mornings) but you diverge from that exacting math when you state here that Jesus 7 year ministry was done in 3 and 1/2 years. Why??? It seems you gloss over that clear math problem because you have interpreted the he who is to come that puts an end to sacrifice to be the Messiah. But I dont think that his an accurate or reasonable interpretation or understanding of that passage…the Messiah is cut off remember? Isnt it clear and logical that the last week (after the 69) refers to this one week of covenant…he will make a covenant for one week….Jesus didnt make a covenant for just one week…from Palm Sunday to Resurrection Day, did he? I cant see any viable way that part of Daniel 9 makes sense with the Messiah being the one who makes a covenant for one week…..that has to refer to the prince that is to come (after the Messiah), right?


    • Thank you, this was very thoughtful feedback as well, Steven. To restate your first question to make sure I understand, ‘..why did I not convert the 3.5 years as part of the Jesus birth date calculation from 3.5 ‘prophetic days/years’ to tropical days/years like I did for the 2 Daniel prophecies (e.g. 2300 Day and 70-Week)?’ The answer is…because there was no explicit Biblical prophecy about the length of His ministry to death or His birth to death, therefore no calendar conversion was necessary in this calculation. In other words, no direct prophecy, no calendar conversion required.

      In reference to your second line of questions about the ‘covenant seven’ in the 70-Week prophecy passage, “27 He will confirm a covenant with many for one ‘seven.’ In the middle of the ‘seven’ he will put an end to sacrifice and offering.”, I interpreted this verse the way you do now before I ever attempted my 70-Week calculation. I thought this ‘seven’ was His Ministry ‘week’ or seven years but after I did my calculation, I learned that both references to ‘seven’ in verse 27 are the same week, the 70th week. The reason being that you have to note what the end of the 69th week lands on to know the purpose of the 70th week. If the 69th week landed on a logical date for the Baptism of Jesus, then I would completely agree with you still that the final ‘covenant’ seven was purposed for His 7-year Ministry that was cut short mid-week. That would result in calculating the 70th week using my prophecy calendar conversion to land on the next important event 3.5 years later like the Crucifixion but it doesn’t work, I already tried it and it would also not land on any Jerusalem decree start date to rebuild the walls, I tried that also. However, it does land on Palm Sunday (perfectly from the Nehemiah Decree), which is one calendar week before the Resurrection, which is what fully executes the New Covenant. “He will confirm a covenant for many for one ‘seven’…” which means He took the duration of that calendar week to establish and confirm the New Covenant starting with the Anointing then the Crucifixion mid-week and finishing with the Resurrection, amazingly, all in a week, the Holy Week. What else can it be? If the dates worked out to be something else, I would write about that instead. Let me know if you calculate it a different way. I am fascinated by any new revelations to this or any other Bible prophecies.


  2. Hi Jesus was born on 29 September 5BC, if you examine the Death of Herod which a Historian Josephus Herod’s death in 4 BC. Josephus cites his 144 book Histories as one of his sources. In the bible it clearly states Jesus was born during Herods reign. Which case 2BC cannot be correct.


    • Hi Sara, thank you so much for your comment and interest in my blog posting!

      In reading your response, I quickly see that you likely copy and pasted a few sentences directly from the top of an article called, Herod’s Death Rewritten by Eusebius. I am not sure how much research you have done on this subject based on your cited reference but I imagine that you are lightly read on the subject and eager to learn more beyond the tired, outdated old arguments that don’t get us any closer to the Truth. I do see that you are definitely on a good track with a healthy dose of curiosity to better understanding all that is really known on the subject of the true date of the birth of Christ. Please take your time to read through my personal response to your question/assertion as I carefully presented some key points that are not intended to offend you or insult your intelligence in any way but show you more clearly what I have uncovered for your benefit.

      One could argue that Jesus’ birth date is just as much in dispute as Herod’s death date. Thanks in part to a proposal by the 19th-century German scholar Emil Schurer, a funny notion emerged that Herod’s death should govern when Jesus was born but the logic actually works both ways. If we know when Jesus was born, we will also know when Herod died by consequence. There is significantly more information known today about the constraints of when Jesus was born and died vs. when Herod died. Even Josephus could not have benefitted from the advantages of historical perspective, the additional knowledge that followed him and the continued collective efforts of Civilization to think about and unravel this mystery fully. Think about it with me for a minute, Josephus simply wrote that Herod died between a lunar eclipse and the following Passover. Josephus didn’t present a specific date/year for whatever reason but also included other confluent events that equally could not be dated easily relative​ to the actual birthdate of Christ. There are lunar eclipses every year, however, only some of which were seen from Jerusalem. If Herod died in the spring of 4 BC, then the only lunar eclipse that would have applied according to NASA’s lunar eclipse charts is March 3, 4 BC, which means Jesus would have been born in the Fall of 5 BC as you mention in your comment. Add Jesus’ age of 33.5 years and He would have been crucified in 30 AD on Passover as you suggest. But wait!!! The Bible clearly says Passover, when Jesus was killed, occurred​ the day before the weekly Sabbath (Saturday) so Jesus had to have been Crucified on a Friday, Good Friday, as we celebrate it. The Bible also says a lunar eclipse occurred on Passover the year and the Friday Jesus died. NASA confirms a lunar eclipse on Friday, April 3, 33 AD which was also Passover on the Hebrew Calendar that year. Sir Isaac Newton also wrote that there were only 2 likely Crucifixion dates, Passovers in 33 AD and 34 AD, that the Crucifixion could have occurred, but only one of them meet all of the requirements mentioned before and in the Bible, which is April 3, 33 AD. There are no similarly clear cases for the years 34 AD, 32 AD or 30 AD. Back in the 1800s in Germany, Emil didn’t have the benefit of today’s knowledge from NASA’s lunar eclipse charts on the Internet or Stellarium’s free Planetary Motion simulation software showing any sky with its precise planets, our moon, the sun and constellations configurations anywhere on planet Earth, at any point in time, as we do now. To be fair, In 32 AD, there was also a lunar eclipse on Passover, but it was on a Monday, April 14th. It was not viewable whatsoever from Europe/Middle East/Africa and didn’t occur on a Friday. You can click on the actual lunar chart in my blog post to see for yourself. Again, the only date that meets all of the Biblical requirements is April 3, 33 AD, which was on a Friday and coincided with a lunar eclipse that was viewable during moonrise in Jerusalem on Passover that year, also clickable from my blog post for your viewing pleasure on NASA’s website. A 33 AD Crucifixion year, places the birth of Christ in the Fall of 2 BC, which agrees with several scholars’ constraints such as Josephus, Irenaeus, Eusebius, and Sir Isaac Newton among others including the writers of the New Testament and the Prophets of the Old Testament. As I mentioned in my blog post, of the candidates to be Herod’s eclipse, the December 29, 1 BC lunar eclipse (linked to NASA’s lunar eclipse charts in my blog post) was the most likely to have been widely observed. If December 29, 1 BC is correct, then Herod died in early 1 AD before Passover, which would have been April 25, 1 AD, rather than early 1 BC. With the September 29, 2 BC Birth date, Jesus would have been between 15 and 18 months old when Herod died. The lunar eclipses work and so do all the dates and ages.

      Sara, I am curious why you chose September 29th as Christ’s birthday even though you kept with the 5 BC birth year? September 29, 2 BC is also the Jewish Festival or Feast of Trumpets, a great symbol of Annunciation of the Birth of the Son of God when you think about it. September 29, 5 BC has no significance at all because the ancient Hebrew calendar was a lunar based calendar so festivals like Passover occurred on a different date every year.

      Herod’s 4 BC dogma doesn’t hold water anymore since so little could have been proven at the time when that declaration was made compared to now. Now we can see so much more into history than what previous scholars could have possibly seen or calculated effectively without today’s technology, knowledge, and search engines. I invite you to take another view of all the now known facts and not to invest too little time on too few old arguments that never resolved the truth clearly before anyway.

      Again, I truly appreciate your interest in this important topic and my blog, which covers research I have conducted over the past 25 plus years, investing hundreds, if not thousands of man hours of my free time to review and analyze a trove of information available online. The trick is sifting through literally everything to compare with and properly calculating Daniel’s prophetic time frames in the Bible to the day. Let me know if you have any further questions.

      Blessings to you Sara!


  3. Thanks chad99 for your compilation on this. Great stuff.
    I’ve had a pet theory that the date of Jesus’ birth had a certain amount of anonymity to it, in that it didn’t make the biggest of news splashes. Not enough for church historians to take accurate note of it anyway. But killing babies, now that’s different. When they started using the BC/AD nomenclature, I think they marked the time to an event so horrendous that the news went viral that the Christ child had been born, which was the time that Herod was killing babies. Since babies were being killed between December of 1BC and early 1 AD, this was the impetus for setting the starting date of the BC/AD calendar.
    You might also like the subject of Pyramidology, as it corroborates your dates of the birth, baptism, and crucifixion of Christ to a ‘T’. Right down to each day. A mathematician’s geometrical perspective. The book Study in Pyramidology (E.R. Capt) has an ‘appendix A’ dealing with the time of the birth of Christ, with similar historical references like you have.
    A bit off subject about Herod, is the research into where the city of Nazareth really was. Josephus was a military man under Herod the Great. One of Herod’s first goals was to dispose of the ‘evil’ Hasmonians who wanted a King Of Judah from their line of Jewish people, and were hiding in the caves of the cliffs of MT Arbel. Herod had his soldiers let down on scaffolding like window washers to route them out, including throwing fire brands into the caves. Ironical that Herod was actually ‘cleaning house’ for the future home of Joseph and Mary and Jesus to live there in a place which was sometime after called Nazareth. Nathanael commented ‘Is there anything good that can come out of Nazareth?’ The historical memories of the people who witnessed the atrocities at these caves made the mention of Nazareth a by-word. Maybe the byword left the place oblivious to historians who seem to make no mention of the place. But Constantine’s mother found a ‘new place’ for it.


    • Hi Duane, as we discussed, I am very appreciative that you have taken the considerable time to dive into my blog posts, representing thousands of hours and decades of research that are anchored to the Scripture as tightly as I could muster. I will admit that I have not done any research to date on Pyramidology but after a quick read, if any resulting calculations match up to mine based on the Book of Daniel, it would be interesting, to say the least. I would exercise caution in embracing Pyramidology as it shows that it also incorporates association with reincarnation, New Age, Occult, Paganism, Polytheism, Numerology, and Divination. I think the primary basis of any calculations should be on the Scripture and supported by as much historical and astronomical facts as possible to not obscure the final results and Message of God’s Great Plan. Also, while Herod’s decree to kill all firstborn after the birth of Christ as the nexus of the Anno Domini calendar is an interesting theory, historians have said that targeting an all planetary alignment in the year 2000 A.D. was the basis for the A.D./B.C. demarcation of the new calendar. I will continue to research any more information on that topic and the placement of Nazareth as well to find any other historical support for that idea as well even though they are not material to the calculations themselves.


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